Agreement in Malay Meaning

Agreement in Malay Meaning: Understanding the Basics

Agreement is an important concept in any language, including Malay. It refers to the grammatical agreement between different parts of a sentence, such as nouns, adjectives, and verbs. In this article, we will explore the meaning of agreement in Malay and how it works in practice.

Agreement in Malay

In Malay, agreement is known as “persesuaian” or “kesepakatan”. It involves matching the forms of words to show their relationship to each other. The most common types of agreement in Malay are:

1. Subject-Verb Agreement: This refers to matching the form of the verb with the subject of the sentence. For example, in the sentence “Dia suka makan nasi”, the verb “suka” (like) agrees with the subject “Dia” (he/she/it).

2. Noun-Adjective Agreement: This involves matching the form of the adjective with the noun it describes. For example, in the sentence “Rumah besar itu mahal”, the adjective “besar” (big) agrees with the noun “Rumah” (house).

3. Pronoun-Antecedent Agreement: This involves matching the form of the pronoun with its antecedent, which is the noun it refers to. For example, in the sentence “Saya suka buku itu, kerana ia menarik”, the pronoun “ia” (it) refers to the noun “buku” (book).

Examples of Agreement in Malay

To better understand how agreement works in Malay, let`s look at some examples:

1. Subject-Verb Agreement:

– Kami bermain bola di padang (We play football in the field)

– Mereka makan di restoran (They eat at the restaurant)

– Dia membaca buku di perpustakaan (He/she reads a book in the library)

2. Noun-Adjective Agreement:

– Bunga-bunga cantik di taman (Beautiful flowers in the garden)

– Anak perempuan itu tinggi dan kurus (That girl is tall and thin)

– Ikan segar yang dijual di pasar (Fresh fish sold in the market)

3. Pronoun-Antecedent Agreement:

– Saya membeli sebotol air mineral kerana saya haus (I bought a bottle of mineral water because I was thirsty)

– Dia pergi ke kedai untuk membeli roti, kerana dia lapar (He/she went to the shop to buy bread because he/she was hungry)

– Mereka pergi ke panggung wayang untuk menonton filem, kerana mereka suka menghiburkan diri (They went to the cinema to watch a movie because they like to entertain themselves)


Agreement is a fundamental aspect of the Malay language that plays a crucial role in creating accurate and meaningful sentences. By making sure that the form of words matches their relationship to each other, writers and speakers of Malay can communicate effectively and clearly. Understanding the basics of agreement in Malay is essential for anyone who wants to master the language and use it with precision.